Building a Garden Pond,
Water Garden or Fish Pond
Using Preformed Ponds or EPDM Liner
If using a preformed pond, select a quality Garden Pond that will meet your needs. Many
Ponds and Pond Kits
are available. Look for features such as plant
shelves for aquatic plants. Good pond kits contain Pond pumps and
separate Pond filters.
Selecting and installing a preformed Garden Pond.
Garden Pond on the selected site and use a shovel
to mark its shape.
Excavate a hole 2” deeper than the pond to allow for
a protective layer of sand.
Install and level your new garden pond.
Start to fill the
pond while taking care that it stays level. Use dirt and sand to fill in any gaps around the sides.
Now you are ready to install a water
or waterfall or other water feature in your backyard pond. Check our pages on water
quality and fish
health before stocking your pond with Koi or other pond fish.
Building a garden pond, water garden or fish pond using
EPDM pond liner:
Select quality pond liner, EPDM
pond liner is the most durable. (Check the pond liner
offered inside pond kits - make certain they are 45 mil EPDM pond liner.)
Determine the size
and shape of the garden pond using a garden hose.
Excavate the hole, taking care
to slope the sides slightly to give them more strength.
Shape the sides of
the Pond incorporating
plant shelves. The minimum
depth of the Pond should be 18 inches for most areas, two feet or more is preferable. 5.
the size of the liner needed using the following formula:
Length + (2 x Depth) + 2 (or 3) = Length
Width + (2 x Depth) +2 (or 3) = Width
Determine the size of the
pond pump and
needed for your new garden pond using our formulas
page and the pond calculator on the left of this page. Treat the water to eliminate
chlorine/chloramines and adjust the pH to acceptable levels before adding
and pond fish. Add beneficial
bacteria to jump-start the pond filter.
Click Here to download free eBooks with tips for Garden Pond Building and Garden Pond Maintenance!
Shop for Pond Supplies & Pond Equipment
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Order some books to help you with design and installation
and building of garden ponds